Bees are insects that make honey. The bees are known for their pollination. They have six legs and the body consists of three parts: the head, the thorax and the abdomen. Only the queens lay eggs, the other females are workers. The men are drones. The workers and drones live for a number of weeks. The queen lives for 3 to 5 years. Only female bees (the queen and the workers) have a sting. A queen can lay up to 2000 eggs per day. The tasks of the workers is dependent on the age of the bee. They start by cleaning the cells in the beehive. Then they feed larvae and the queen. When they are a little older, they make new rooms themselves and after that they become guardians who ensure that no bees from other nations enter the hive. The only task of the drones is to fertilize the queen. There are a lot of drones, of which only a few can mate with the queen. The drone has no sting and can not find food for himself. In the late summer there is less food and the drones are no longer needed. Then they are chased out of the hive. If they do not want to leave, the workers will stab them.
The queen is the only bee that lays eggs. That is why the queen is very important and well guarded. There is only one queen in a basket or hyve. The food for the bees consists of nectar and pollen from plants. The honey that the bees make serves as food during winter. The beekeeper who keeps the bees gives sugar water in winter because he has collected honey himself.
Bees are very important for the ecosystem and the pollination of plants. Bee populations are declining due to pesticides and because biodiversity declines. Sometimes entire nations die without explanation. That is why it is important that we take good care of our nature and that there are enough flowers and plants for the bees. People have been using honey for a long time: the ancient Egyptians used honey for the treatment of wounds and ailments.